Energy-Efficient Product Purchasing

These laws and requirements are related to energy-efficient product purchasing sustainability goals.

Title  Legal Authority  Originating Legislation  Summary 
Definition of Divert

"Divert" or "diverting" means redirecting materials from disposal in landfills or incinerators to recycling or recovery, excluding diversion to waste-to-energy facilities.

Definition of Environmentally Preferable

"Environmentally preferable" means products or services that have a lesser or reduced effect on human health and the environment when compared with competing products or services that serve the same purpose. This comparison may consider raw materials acquisition, production, manufacturing, packaging, distribution, reuse, use, operation, maintenance, or disposal related to the product or service.

Product Purchasing
Title  Legal Authority  Originating Legislation  Summary 

Definitions under 42 U.S.C. § 8259b(b) says that an "ENERGY STAR product" is rated for energy efficiency under an ENERGY STAR program. A "designated product" is designated under the Federal Energy Management Program as being among the highest 25% of equivalent products for energy efficiency. The term "product" does not include any energy consuming product or system designed or procured for combat or combat-related missions.

ENERGY STAR and FEMP-Designated Products Procurement Requirements

ENERGY STAR and FEMP-Designated Products Procurement Requirements under 42 U.S.C. § 8259b(b) says that Federal agencies are required to incorporate energy-efficiency criteria consistent with ENERGY STAR and Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) designated products for all procurements involving energy-consuming products and services. Agencies are exempt from procuring ENERGY STAR products or FEMP-designated products if:

  • An ENERGY STAR product or FEMP-designated product is not cost-effective over the life of the product, taking energy cost savings into account
  • No ENERGY STAR product or FEMP-designated product is reasonably available that meets the functional requirements of the agency.
Electric Motors and Air-Conditioning Maintenance

Electric Motors and Air-Conditioning Maintenance under 42 U.S.C. § 8259b(d) says that in the case of electric motors of 1 to 500 horsepower, agencies are to select only premium efficient motors that meet a standard designated by the U.S. Department of Energy. Agencies are also encouraged to take actions to maximize the efficiency of air-conditioning and refrigeration equipment.

Federal Purchasing Requirement

Federal Purchasing Requirement under 42 U.S.C. § 8259b(e)(2)-(4) says that agencies are to buy products with low standby power of not more than 1 watt if the lower-wattage product is life cycle cost effective and if the performance of the product is not compromised.

Procurement of Alternative or Synthetic Fuels

Procurement of Alternative or Synthetic Fuels under 42 U.S.C. § 17142 says that agencies are not to enter into procurement contracts for an alternative or synthetic fuel (other than for research or testing) unless the contract specifies that the life cycle greenhouse gas emissions associated with the production and combustion of the fuel is less than or equal to emissions from an equivalent conventional fuel.

Promote Electronics Stewardship

Promote electronics stewardship by establishing, measuring, and reporting by:

(i) ensuring procurement preference for environmentally sustainable electronic products as established in subsection (i) of this section;
(ii) establishing and implementing policies to enable power management, duplex printing, and other energy-efficient or environmentally sustainable features on all eligible agency electronic products; and
(iii) employing environmentally sound practices with respect to the agency's disposition of all agency excess or surplus electronic products.

Purchase Preference Mandates

Meet statutory purchasing preference mandates required by EPA, Energy Star, FEMP designated.

Product Purchasing (Non-Electric)
Title  Legal Authority  Originating Legislation  Summary 
Biobased Products Purchasing

Promote sustainable acquisition and procurement by ensuring that environmental performance and sustainability factors are included to the maximum extent practicable for all applicable procurements in the planning, award, and execution phases of the acquisition.

Copier and Printing Paper Use

Promote sustainable acquisition and procurement by reducing copier and printing paper use and acquiring uncoated printing and writing paper containing at least 30% postconsumer recycled content or higher as designated by future instruction under section 4(e) of this order.

Environmentally Preferable Products Purchasing

Promote sustainable acquisition and procurement by purchasing environmentally preferable products or services that meet or exceed specifications, standards, or labels recommended by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or meet environmental performance criteria developed or adopted by voluntary consensus standards bodies consistent with section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (Public Law 104-113) and OMB Circular A-119.

Sustainable Products Purchasing

Purchase sustainable products and services identified by EPA programs including:

(A) Significant New Alternative Policy (SNAP) chemicals or other alternatives to ozone-depleting substances and high global warming potential hydrofluorocarbons, where feasible, as identified by SNAP;
(B) WaterSense certified products and services;
(C) Safer Choice labeled products; and
(D) SmartWay Transport partners and SmartWay product