Plug & Process Loads

Plug and Process Loads (PPL) consume about one third of primary energy in U.S. commercial buildings. PPLs cover a wide variety of electronic, computer, refrigeration, and cooking devices, including equipment essential to information processing, medical treatment, and food service businesses. Each of these categories contains hundreds of types of devices.

PPL energy consumption is the single fastest growing end-use. It is projected to grow by 40%, up to 7.7 quads from 2006 to 2020 due to an increase in the number of devices and the energy intensity of those devices. Commercial buildings in the United States span a wide range of types, uses, sizes, and vintages. This translates into a range in PPL energy consumption--between 10% in warehouses to nearly 60% in food sales.

Contact us to join the Plug & Process Loads team or for additional information.

Tools & Resources

Commercial Buildings Resource Database
U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) publications related to commercial buildings, including plug and process load resources.

Plug Load Control
A plug load control technology assessment conducted through GSA Green Proving Ground.

ENERGY STAR Tools and Resources Library.
Tools and resources on implementing a successful energy management strategy.

Selecting a control strategy
A report by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) on selecting a control strategy for plug and process loads.

ENERGY STAR Purchasing and Procurement
An ENERGY STAR resource on purchasing efficient products to reduce energy costs without compromising quality. Learn more about ENERGY STAR qualified products and specify them in your purchasing policies and contracts.

Energy-Efficient Product Procurement
Federal agencies are required to procure energy-efficient products. This Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) resource includes trainings, seminars, and publications to help Federal purchasers identify energy- and water-efficient products.

Healthcare Energy End-Use Monitoring
A report by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) that lists healthcare facility end-use categories with the highest site energy use intensities. This end-use data can be used to inform decisions around prioritizing energy investments and action around metering, targeted energy audits, or equipment upgrades in healthcare facilities.

Net Zero Blueprint
This High Performance Buildings article discusses the National Renewable Energy Laboratory’s (NRELs) replicable approach to achieve a large reduction in building energy use and adopt a net-zero energy approach for large-scale commercial buildings without increasing cost.

  • American Society for Healthcare Engineering (ASHE)
  • American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE)**
  • CBRE
  • First Potomac Realty Trust
  • Glenborough
  • Grand Valley State University
  • Gundersen Health System
  • Hines
  • Legacy Health System
  • Newmark Grubb Knight Frank Global Corporate Services
  • PeaceHealth
  • Stanford University
  • The Home Depot
  • University of Maryland Medical Center
  • U.S. General Services Administration
  • Wawa

* Steering Committee member
** Ex-Officio Steering Committee member
Members in bold have taken the Better Buildings Challenge